Jenny Edwards at www.all-natural-horse-care.com has some really great barefoot and natural hoof care information. There are pictures and diagrams to help you with knowing all the different parts of a hoof.
Below are some barefoot hoof diagrams to give you an idea of what the shape of the "ideal" hoof should look like. The parts of the hoof are labeled for reference.
Note: Healthy hooves can vary depending on the environment the horse is living in and the terrain they regularly encounter.
Sole View of a Front Hoof
Note the following points
- Wide, fat frog.
- Tight white line.
- Strong, thick hoof walls – with the inner wall being thicker.
- Bars end approximately halfway down the frog.
- The heel buttresses are back towards the rear of the frog.
- The hoof ratio is 65:35 (from the rear of the hoof to the widest point; and from the widest point to the break over).
Sole View of Rear Hoof
The rear hoof is more oblong in shape and has a slightly pointed toe compared to the front hoof. This is because the rear hooves are used to propel the horse forward and so the point helps the hoof dig into the ground to provide more push.
Side View of the Hoof
Weightbearing – The True Role of the Wall And Sole
Contrary to popular belief, the hoof wall should not be the only structure to bear the weight of the horse. This is called peripheral loading and it puts way too much stress on the laminar connection and has a dramatic effect on the blood supply to the hoof. Dr Robert Bowker VMD, PhD recently did research on this and found that on a:
- Correctly trimmed Bare foot: blood flow continues between heartbeats
- Shod foot: blood stops between heartbeats and blood does not reach small blood vessels.
- Laminitic foot: blood stops and backs up between heartbeats
The diagrams below show how the hoof should be trimmed (images on right hand side of box) so that both the wall and the sole bear weight.
The use of EasyCare Comfort Pads in your EasyCare boots will ensure that the hooves are not being peripheral loaded. Our hoof pads come in three densities…soft (green), medium (black) and firm (red). The thicknesses are 12mm (1/2") or 6mm (1/4"). Our Easyboot Glove boots will only accomodate the 6mm pads so the close fit is not compromised.
EasyCare Office Manager
As the office manager, I make sure the general operations of the organization run smoothly and seamlessly from A to Z. I have been on the EasyCare team since 2001 and have first hand product knowledge as my horses are barefoot and booted.