Introducing Christoph Schork, The Bootmeister

I rode my first horse at the age of 3 years in Germany. Since then, I spent a good portion of my life around horses. Dressage, jumping, Ride and Tie and for the last 25 years competing in Endurance on a national and international level and starting for the USA Endurance Squad in World Championships.

Together with my partner, Dian Woodward, we own and operate the Global Endurance Training Center in Moab, Utah, where we train over 40 horses. I have been working as a professional farrier for over 20 years, and have experience in shoeing and trimming. Over the years, I have been using steel shoes, Aluminum shoes, Equiflex shoes and Easyboots, but also training our horses barefoot for long stretches of the year.

With the recent revolutionary development of the Easyboot Glue-ons and Gloves, bare foot trimming is much more on the mind of horse owners and riders. The changes we have been seeing in horses hooves through usage of the new boots and at the same time allowing horses to be ridden and trained bare for extended periods of time, are astounding. I want to share some of my experiences with you and give some tips for trimming, booting and training.

My motto is: 'success through learning'.
 
www.globalendurance.com

dwcsarabs@frontiernet.net

Hoof Care Starts In The Gut

They can be seen everywhere, the most unbalanced hooves, long toes, underrun heels, high heels, flares, you name it. It is truly amazing that horses with neglected hooves can sometimes bring superior performances to the table, while I would not even have given them credit for being able in taking one sound step. While many farriers and trimmers are making it an art to trim and shoe horses correctly and with utmost care, horses can act amazingly tolerant towards hoof imbalances. Many just do not seem to care how well their hooves are being taken care of. Professor Bowker, most renowned for his scientific equine hoof and anatomy studies, has seen horses that can handle a ten degree hoof angle variation and considerable medial/lateral imbalances without missing a beat during long endurance races. Others are lame when there is just a small hoof angle variation. How can there be such discrepancies how horses deal with the status of their hooves? Could it be that a proper hoof trim for a lot of equines is nothing more but the last little detail in a series of events that start with their birth as a foal?

In my blog from February last year: High And Low From Above I discussed the importance of proper training and horse husbandry for proper hoof growth and health and how we can achieve healthy and balanced hooves through a holistic approach. If interested, one can read up on it again to learn how body massages and manipulations can help fix hoof problems. Let us expand a little more on this line of thought, but move a little deeper into the subject, literally and anatomically.

Let's have a good look at this horse. (GE Whispurr from GETC) What kind of information can we gather by just spending a few moments looking at him as a whole?

Without even looking at his hooves, we do get a first impression of this horse. What can be observed:

  • Shiny coat
  • Moving feely and naturally
  • Alert, happy and kind eye and facial expression.

From this first impression, we can draw conclusions in regards to the status of the hooves. I now expect his hooves to show me:

  • Large and healthy frog
  • Deep concavity
  • Thick hoof wall
  • Well developed digital cushion and lateral cartilage.

Maybe something like these two images of fairly strong and healthy hooves:

These are all signs of a healthy hoof, and in nine out of ten cases, the first impression a horse gives us reflects directly to the status of the hooves. How can everybody then contribute easily and without much training to achieving strong and healthy hooves?

Hippocrates, the great Greek physician (460 -370 BC) has an answer for us when he said this: "All diseases begin in the stomach".

And indeed, for humans and animals alike, a healthy gut is the prerequisite for a healthy body, mind and spirit and, of course, hooves. The healthier we can keep our gut and intestinal organs, the healthier our whole body and our DNA will be. While we could go on and on and look at the effects of modern nutrition and the exposure to toxins and how these poisons and toxins literally destroy human and horses bodies and health, I want to just give a short list of supplements that can make a difference in your horses hoof health.

Start with a well-balanced diet to stimulate hoof growth and maintain strength and flexibility of the hoof. Organically grown hay will be mostly toxin free and gives horses a head start. Same for grains and commercial feed. Nutrient deficient and toxin loaded hooves are weakest in the heels and quarters. Low levels of zinc and copper will make horses much more susceptible to hoof pathologies like white line disease, thrush and poor horn quality.

The nutritional hoof building blocks in order of importance are:

  • High quality proteins
  • Amino Acids
  • Minerals
  • Biotin (vitamins)

Amino Acids are the building blocks of protein for keratin synthesis, important for strength and flexibility of hoof material. This synthesis is not really possible without the sulfur containing aminos, such as methionine and cysteine. Of all the minerals out there, zinc, copper and selenium are the most important trace minerals for hoof growth and health. Especially for the strength of the hoof wall. Zinc is probably THE most important one. While zinc is actually strengthening the cell, copper and sulfur are responsible for building the bridges between the proteins, thus giving the hooves their density and strength. Selenium, on the other hand, is not a building block, but a shield against oxidizing damage. It works best in conjunction with Vitamin E. However, too much selenium can be toxic (mane and tail hairs can fall out or break off, hoof walls can crack). Biotin will help foster hoof growth by assisting the cell cornification process. One might say, it is the cement for holding the cells together.

Important is the zinc to copper ratio when supplementing these minerals. This ratio should be 3:1. A horse needs 450 mg of zinc and 150 mg of copper daily. Iron, however, is competing with zinc and copper for absorption in the cells. Lots of horses in general are taking in way too much iron in their diet; should that be the case, then the zinc and copper administration needs to get increased. Natalie Herman wrote a very informative blog three years ago, Got Iron?,  where she described the poisonous effect of iron overload in the horses diet. While a horse needs only 40ppm of iron a day, most daily hay portions have almost twice to three times that much iron. When riders then supplement additionally with the popular Red Cell, a product high in iron, one can quickly poison a horse and the result could be hoof soles that look like this (Photo by Natalie Herman):

Irregular cracks inside the hoof wall (not within the actual white line) are a sure tell sign of iron overload.

Iron in excess is certainly toxic. But there are numerous other toxins which we, riders and equines alike, are burdened with everyday. While this topic in itself is well deserving of its own blog, I just want to briefly give a short list on how we can minimize their poisoning effects on the body:

  • Minimize or eliminate exposure to pesticides in grass and hay
  • Neutralize toxins by administering high doses of Vitamin C and E
  • Feed probiotics on a regular basis.

When it all comes down to it, nutrition trumps trimming. The most sophisticated and accurate hoof balance will not mean much if the horse is not properly fed, lacks aminos and minerals, has an unhealthy gut, is overburdened with toxins, carries a damaged DNA and looks unthrifty. Even the best EasyCare shoes and products cannot perform miracles if there is no solid foundation to build a performance horse upon. So, the bottom line could very well be: 

Making sure that our equine friends have a healthy gut is the very best hoof service we can provide.

 

Form the Bootmeister

Christoph Schork

Global Endurance Training Center

 

Five Reasons Why I Went To The Death Valley XP

Moab, my home town, lies at an elevation of 4000 ft. When leaving from Moab in any direction, one has to climb over 7000 ft mountain passes. In the deep of winter, between Christmas and New Year, this undertaking can be a big gamble with the weather, and sometimes you just do not get out of the valley with horse rigs. So when the weather forecaster gave a green light regarding clear road conditions the day after Christmas, I was in for the lengthy 12 hour drive to the Death Valley XP. But why do it? I have compiled five reasons for engaging in this adventure and for trading a cozy fireplace for working in the cold and traveling long hours. I let you decide if these are good or foolish reasons:

1. The decision to go gave me the opportunity to glue on Easyboots in wintery weather and apply my best application methods.

Medinah MHF in reminiscence of warmer weather conditions.

Gluing in cold and wet weather, makes one work with extra care and diligence, provided one has the goal of not loosing any boots in the near future. First comes the trimming and roughing the hoof wall with the Buffy.

The horses have been living in snow now for a while, so the hooves are fully hydrated. I spend extra time drying the hoof wall. My favorite tool for this job: the gas torch. Last year in April I wrote It Is Getting Hot, a blog about the pros and cons of these gas torches.

I used the torch five to six times, 20 seconds or so each time, to thoroughly dry the hoof wall. With a moisture meter, one can verify if the hoof walls are dry enough for gluing.

Now comes the opportunity to use that great new Easyboot Zip.

The ZIP is a new boot, developed by EasyCare for a variety of uses, here it is ideal for protecting the prepared and dried hoof from the elements and any contamination.

The glues and boots, I had placed a few hours before in a warm and dry room so as not to compromise adhesion. I take extra care to really warm up the boots to make them hand warm and pliable. The rest of the application then goes smoothly. The proper preparation of hooves, glues and boots are 99% of the success.

These boots are now ready for action. After the glue has dried, literally nothing can diminish their adhesion to the hoof wall and boot shell.

2. Riding great horses with great boots in great country over very rocky and difficult terrain.

Loosing a Glue-On boot in this kind of terrain and not having a spare Easyboot Glove with you will certainly ruin your ride.

Riding towards Panamint Valley.

Searles Springs, a unique place in the desert, with intermittent water running down the rocks.

Sunset in Searles Valley. Photo by Merri Melde.

Merri Melde also wrote a nice Vagabond Report on her experiences at Death Valley, to be viewed here.

3. Riding with great friends

Death Valley XP is a great place to meet up with friends you have not seen for a while. Everybody is relaxed, the vast expanse of the land, and the difficulties of the trail just foster camaraderie.

Meeting up with Mark Montgomery and his Mustang at the water trough. Mark is a future user of EasyShoes and Easyboots.

4. Receiving three BCs during the four day ride.

The horses I rode, GE Seastar, GE Pistol Annie and Medinah MHF showed very well at the end of the difficult days and received a well deserved BC Award each. Could this have anything to do with the fact that their hooves were well protected with Easyboot Glue-Ons?

Riding GE Pistol Annie to a 4th place finish day one.

5. Celebrating New Years Eve with other endurance riders and friends.

The Trona Golf Course Clubhouse is a great place to welcome the New Year. Steph Teeter, Merri Melde and Gretchen Montgomery provided live entertainment for the evening.

Traveling to Death Valley in the middle of winter is a worthwhile undertaking. But let us not forget to apply the Easyboot Glue-Ons or Gloves. Your horses hooves will thank you for it and your experience will rate higher on the fun meter.

Christoph Schork

The Bootmeister

Global Endurance Training Center

 

 

 

 


 

An Endurance Perspective In Europe

At the end of my blog from last month, On Tour Abroad, I promised a follow up blog covering my experience with endurance racing in Europe. So here it is. I had previously participated in endurance events in Germany, Australia and the Middle East, but had not entered any races in France and Spain. In October of 2015 I had the opportunity to ride at two FEI sanctioned events. I could combine these races this time with my Hoof Care Clinics which I conduct every year in Europe.

My first start was at the VIC** in Catalunya, just a few miles north of Barcelona. I had the pleasure of riding a horse of Jaume Punti Dachs, or short, Juma from the Juma Stable, a 14 year old bay gelding,  Malik Kerrous.

On the way to the Vetting in the day before the start.

The 120km, (75 Mile) race had 70+ entries, Juma Stable alone entered a total of 15 horses. The trail was a mix of hills, rocky trails, concrete and paved roads with stretches of softer footing. But for the most part the ground was hard. The pace is generally faster compared to endurance races in the USA. Typically the horses canter much more, trotting only when terrain demands it. Surprising is the fact that most horses are shod with steel shoes, and just about everybody uses clips as well.

These types of hoof protection are very common and can be seen on over 90% of all entered horses. Also notice the relative long toes. Among all of the entered horses I did not see even one horse wearing EasyShoes or Easyboots. There is a lot of potential for future EasyCare Workshops and Clinics.

Cooling Malik during one of the Crew Spots.

Cooling is big here, the amount of water being poured over the horses to lower the heart rate quickly is fascinating.

All these water buckets and canisters are for cooling horses.

Completion rates here are typically low compared to completion rates in the USA. A 50% completion rate is average. Pretty much all endurance races in Europe are FEI races. Control judges are tough and a rider gets pulled for even the slightest irregularity in gaits. Needless to say, I was happy to complete in the low thirties.

Self crewing, widespread in the USA, is very uncommon. The knowledge and support of my crew and hosts, Salvador Magriny and Pol Magrinya Roca was contributing a great deal to my success.

Onward to France!. "Les Deux Jours de Montcuq" is the oldest endurance race in France. The first Montcuq race started 39 years ago, so not quite as old as Tevis, but still remarkable. It is also one of the most prestigious race in France. As a CEI*** race it consists of two days or riding the same horse, 100km each day, or 62,5 miles. So for a total of 125 miles in two days it is a step above our Two Day 100 Mile event.

Located close to the foothills of the Pyrenees, Montcuq is a quaint small town with lots of charming old architecture, palm trees and a somewhat Mediterranean climate. The folks there are very friendly and horse oriented. This two day race is the highlight of the year for the village and spectators are everywhere. The race starts in the middle of town and finishes there as well with hundreds of villagers applauding.

Typical Montcuq streets.

Southern flair, love these palm trees.

Montcuq is also situated in the middle of the Foie Gras country, famous for goose liver patee.

Of course, we had to try it, here at lunch with my crew, Leonard Liesens, Caroll Gatelier and Annik Roex.

Basecamp and pre-ride check are right in town.

CC Blanco was my horse for the race, courtesy of Leonard Liesens of Belgium.

Vetting in.

Start and Finish happen in the middle of town among many villagers and spectators.

The trail is technically difficult, lots of vertical as well as very rocky stretches and, as common in Europe, with a fair amount of pavement. The scenery is quite stunning, though.

Vineyards in fall colors.

Half way through with CC Blanco going strong.

After all the the impressions of the trail, the finish was next to a statue of Jeanne D'Arc back in Montcuq.

With a completion rate of about 40%, I was very happy again to have completed a classic and memorable endurance race. Montcuq was an experience that I would not want to have missed. I would return anytime to this gem of a town in the foothills of the Pyrenees.

Departing shot from Montcuq.

So what are the differences between endurance races in Europe compared to North America?

In general endurance is more mainstream in Europe, folks are more excited about the sport, more young riders are participating, more enthusiasm can be felt. Trail marking is certainly superior, technological support in timing and vet gates are more advanced. All in all, the sport is on a higher level in Europe. The notable exception to this statement is hoof care. The horses are still mostly shod with iron and steel. I certainly will come back for more Hoof Care and EasyCare Clinics

As a parting shot, there also is a philosophical difference how the sport is perceived in the USA vs Europe:

USA view of endurance. 

                   French view of endurance.

With this lighthearted comparison, I say 'Good Bye' for this year with this report and last blog.

I wish all my readers a Merry Christmas, Happy New Year, lots of success in 2016 and may all your wishes get fulfilled.

Till next year-

 

Christoph Schork (The Bootmeister)

Global Endurance Center

 

On Tour Abroad

My hoof care clinics abroad have become a yearly, sometimes semi-yearly, happening. Most of the time my travels lead me to Europe, but occasionally also to Australia and Canada. This month I'm just returning from a series of seminars in Spain, Catalunya and Germany.

To fill you in, in case you did not follow European News lately: Catalunya, or translated into English, Catalonia, is an autonomous region in the most eastern part of the Iberian peninsula, close to the Pyrenees and bordering France. The population is 7.5 million. The Capital is Barcelona, home of the soccer club FCB that has won the European Soccer League Championship Title many times. Catalunya is now  trying to achieve independence from Spain within the next couple of years. National sentiments and feelings are wide spread among the people, about half of the population favors an independent new country. So to be politically correct and not hurt anybody's feelings, I will refer to the location of my visit as Catalunya instead of Spain.

The new Catalonian National Flag can be seen everywhere.

Barcelona, viewed from the Castello, a vibrant beautiful city with a fascinating history.

Why travel to Europe to conduct hoof care clinics? After all, it is not that the Europeans do not know much about hoof trimming and shoeing. Horses have been used and ridden in Europe for thousands of years, I mean, compared to the USA, these folks there have been around horses and known horses literally forever. But EasyCare happens to be a company based in the USA, is very innovative and a leader in the industry. And although I'm not traveling and conducting these clinics on behalf of EasyCare, but rather on my own accord and under my company's umbrella, Global Endurance Training Center, these clinics focus very much on Natural Hoof Care, Barefoot Trimming and the application of all the EasyCare products and boots. After all, these boots and shoes are the future. Besides EasyCare boots and shoes, I also apply and demonstrate other innovative hoof protections on the market like Duplos and EQUIFLEX, a USA company that imports the Cera Shoes made in Germany. (Disclosing here that EQUIFLEX is also my own company, a subsidiary of Global Endurance Center). For these stated reasons, European stables, equine organizations and clubs are looking for USA based clinicians that know and teach progressive and innovative hoof protections and their applications.

Besides the hoofboots like the GlovesTrail, EpicsOriginal Easyboots, Glove Back Country, and Clouds that require neither nails nor glue, I teach nailing and gluing EasyShoes and Glue-Ons using various glues, but mostly the over and over proven VETTEC glues. An all time favorite for many participants is the molding of a hoof shoe using the Vettec Superfast. And when I receive a phone call 6 weeks later telling me that the Superfast shoe is still on the hoof and fully intact after being ridden many miles through rocks and endless hours standing and walking in muddy pastures and stalls, even I can be a little proud of my work and the quality of the products I'm putting my faith into.

The  equestrian community of the Iberian Peninsula as a whole has not embraced the new hoof protection boots and shoes from EasyCare and other manufactures like the rest of Europe or the Americas have. Most horses there are still shod with iron shoes like they have been for over 2000 years.  A few Duplos and Equiflex Shoes could be seen, but hardly any Easyboots of any kind. Contrary to lots of horses in the rest of Europe, most horses had also fairly long, undubbed toes.

A very common sight: steel shoes with long toes.

The two day seminar this fall was open to farriers, horse owners and riders of all disciplines who were interested in learning about hoof boots and the application of them. 15 participants (among them 4 farriers) wanted to hear all about EasyCare's products.  After introduction and initial PP presentation about anatomy of the lower legs, the group watched and analyzed gaits of various horses, studied toe and heel landings and examined pathologies and hoof imbalances.

During the indoor presentation.

Toe landing or heel landing? Sometimes it is hard to tell.

M/L imbalances were noted together with anatomical abnormalities.

After evaluating hooves, we practiced and discussed hoof trims and compared trimming philosophies between various countries. Any group member who wanted to do so, could show and explain his trimming procedures.

Trimming was followed by various hoof boot applications. Participants had again the opportunity to select boots, apply them and check the fit.

Gluing Easyboot Glue-Ons was first demonstrated by me, then could be practiced by the attendees.

Here we are using Vettec Equipak CS as sole packing in the Easyboot Glue on. For that purpose, small holes were drilled in the bottom of the boots and the CS then injected through those holes.

Catalonians never miss an opportunity to have siesta and eat well. A great opportunity to celebrate the end of the clinic with a traditional Catalonian dinner.

After leaving Catalunya I traveled to Germany for more clinics and workshops, then to Belgium and finally finished my travels in France. There, and also before that in Catalunya, I had to opportunity to enter two endurance races. From these events I will report my experiences in next months blog.

From the Bootmeister

Christoph Schork, Global Endurance Training Center

 

Hole In The Boot

The Easyboot Glue-Ons are certainly a marvelous invention. From the beginning we had a great product, but we had to learn how to use them properly and how to apply them correctly so they stayed on even under the most extreme conditions. Meanwhile, Easyboot Practitioners have refined the gluing process to an art and getting the boots off the hooves even after they been 'on' for a few weeks can be quite a chore. Which is, of course, a good thing, because it proves to everybody that the gluing application has matured.

A couple of months ago I wrote about Reading The Boot, a blog with photos to evaluate the gluing application after the fact, meaning after we take the boots off. A learning after the fact, so to speak, but also a studying and learning opportunity for future applications.

EasyCare recommends to pull the Glue-On boots after ten days to two weeks.  I have to admit, I often do not adhere to these these time recommendations and keep them on somewhat longer than that. Maybe I shouldn't, but when the seals are still intact and the boot well attached with no water having entered the boots, I stretch this time line. And yet, I'm always amazed how hard the hooves still are after I pull these Glue-On Boots off my horses hooves. I have not noticed any thrush developing under the boots and most of the time they are a 'mother' to get them off, even after hundreds of miles ridden and several weeks having passed. Yes, they are softer compared to the bare footed horses running around in dry sand. But certainly are not any softer than a bare hoof that travels and lives more in a wetter climate and muddier soil than we have in the desert southwest.

Notwithstanding those observed facts, I cannot help to wonder sometimes if it would be better to have the sole exposed to more natural soil, sand, rocks and air to keep it dryer and tougher.

Time to experiment and play.

Tools needed:

- power drill

- circular hole saws of various sizes

I pre-drilled a small hole in the center of the Glue-On so that the hole drill can stay centered:

While drilling the hole, the boot has to be fixed, otherwise it will spin around and the circular saw won't be able to cut. The best way for me to stabilize the boot was to hold it between my feet.

The sole of the Glue-On boot is rather thick, so it will take a little time. Too much pressure on the drill and it will not cut anymore but get bound up and stuck and jerk your arm. So better use light pressure to allow the tool to do the work.

The modified Glue on Boot with a hole in the bottom.

The sole thickness of the boot is indeed impressive, here is the cut out piece. The Gloves and Glue-Ons certainly have a thick sole, that's the reason they last so long and protect the soles so well.

Hoof preparation is being done identically the way we glue a boot without holes.

For gluing the boot I used Sikaflex the same way as I normally would for a complete boot. I just need a lot less of it this time.

Vettec Adhere is being applied afterwards to the inside wall of the boot and the boot then being glued on according to protocol published on the EasyCare website.

In the sole area I use the excess Sikaflex to seal the cut borders.

Most of the frog and sole is now exposed, keeping the sole and frog tough and hardened.

The foremost question in my mind was: did I rob that boot of essential stability and compromise the integrity so much that it will fall apart and get ripped off in no time? Only time and frequent riding over mixed terrain will tell me.

In my first try I cut the hole too big and, sure enough, the toe part of the boot sole was pushed over the dorsal hoof wall within 20 miles ridden.  The boot pictured above is a size 2 and I used a 3.5 inch diameter hole saw. That hole seemed the appropriate size, leaving a wide enough sole margin.  I therefore came up with the following hole sizing chart (this is what has worked for me):

-2.5 inches saw diameter for boot sizes 00 and 00.5

-3 inches saw for boot sizes 0, 0.5 and 1

-3.5 inches for sizes 1.5, 2, 2.5

-4 inches for sizes  3 and 3.5 and 4

With these sizes the boots have stayed strong enough to withstand heavy and fast riding over mixed terrain.

After 4 weeks of riding this horse, the margins and borders are all intact and the horse is moving happily and freely.

Next photo from the bottom side:

The frog and sole did toughen up more, more dead sole visible compared to the frame above 4 weeks ago. The horse walked before the Sikaflex had completely been dry, that is why some of it had pushed out from under the sole, but that did not create any issues.

Summarizing why such a foolish undertaking could benefit the hooves:

- Continuous sole and frog stimulation and toughening through contact with ground

- Longer time intervals before pulling the boots, possibly up to 6 weeks

- Better grip in mud and wet grass

I might not elect to use this modification for endurance rides or riding a lot over sharp and hard rocks. The risk of stone bruising is certainly greater. For moderate terrain and training rides it seems to me to be a viable alteration.

To give credit where credit is due: this 'Hole in the Boot' idea did not originate with me. I saw it first while attending one of the Pete Ramey Clinics in Durango and considered it worth a try and to experiment with. Pete had a couple of the boots with holes cut out on display.

So far, I must say,  I'm happy with the results.

 

From the Bootmeister's desk

 

Christoph Schork

Global Endurance Training Center


 

Achtung, Leeches!

Medicinal leech use dates back over 3000 years. In Egypt, India, Ancient Greece and Ancient Persia the Hirudo Medicinalis, what the medicinal leech is called, was used extensively for healing and therapeutic treatments. Hippocrates writes about them in his works. These little creatures have a very long history.

There are over 650 species of leeches known today, but only 15 of them are blood sucking. These are the ones we are interested in. They are anywhere from one to 10 inches long, have 32 brains, 3 jaws and millions of mini teeth. Their central nervous system is similar to the human one. In the 19th century the European countries imported 100 million leeches every year for medicinal purpose. It was not till the middle of last century that leeches kind of disappeared for about 30 years from the medical field. Since the 80's they have become very popular in medicine again and are being widely used in hospitals all over the world for the following treatments:

-muscle pain and cramps

-rheumatoid arthritis

-tendonitis

-varicose veins

-hematoma

-organ replantation

-detoxifying

Myself,  I have been using leeches on my tennis elbow, thumb capsule inflammation, broken toe, just to name a few. In all cases, the relief of pain and the healing experienced have been very noticeable and long lasting.

I have made the same observations while treating various horse injuries and pathologies. Over the last 15 years, I have successfully used leeches on bowed tendons, muscle cramps, suspensory injuries, chronic joint pain, arthritis, ring and side bone and laminitis. Horses do very well with leech treatment and enjoy the whole experience.  In Africa, biologist have observed that buffalos and cattle seek out ponds with high leech populations, stand in the water for 30 to 45 minutes, get a leech treatment and then leave the pond when the leeches are full and have fallen off.

Before treating a horse, it is advised to shave the area down to the bare skin. Although leeches can bite through the skin of a hippo and also through hair, they prefer clean skins. Wash the area with clean water, no soap. Leeches detest soap and any artificial smell.

Clean your own hands with water only,  take a little mini cup, fetch a leech from your container and hold it with the container to the horses skin.

Leeches can bite on both ends, so just hold that cup to the area to let them bite. If they are not in the mood, then a little prick of the horses skin with the needle will draw a drop of blood and will help stimulate their appetite.

Once they are attached, they often use their other end to hold themselves in place, but not always. Stay with your horse, because if the horse would stomp the leg because of flies, for example, the leech could fall off and then will loose interest. They are very sensitive creatures, one should always have love and respect for them and be kind.

This one is holding on with the other end, but will only bite with one end at a time.

Typically a leech will stay attached from 30 to 45 minutes. During this time, they can grow to 5 times their original size. Then they just fall off and do not feel like feeding again for 6 months or a year.

This one just hangs loose from the biting end.

The saliva of a leech contains 13 effective components, one of them being the protein Hirudin, a strong thrombin inhibitor.  Hirudin has anti coagulant and anti inflammatory characteristics. The effectiveness and the healing power comes through these ingredients and the subsequent bleeding. The longer the bleeding lasts, the better the effects of healing. 40 ml or so would be nice. The ongoing bleeding stimulates local circulation and carries damaging toxins and waste products from the affected area.

When treating acute laminitis, place four leeches low on the affected leg for best results.

What do these leeches have in common with hoof boots or EasyCare products?

EasyCare has a a new boot, the Easyboot Cloud.

"The new Easyboot Cloud is a therapeutic hoof boot system to give comfort and support to horses with thin soles, abscesses, founder, laminitic stages, stresses of shipping, recovery after workouts or stalling on hard surfaces. The Easyboot Cloud also provides instant and ongoing relief for horses suffering from chronic lameness and general lower limb or hoof problems by aiding movement and reducing recovery time after injury or surgery."

After a treatment with the leeches for any of these pathologies mentioned above, the Easyboot Cloud is almost a must to give the horse ongoing relief and support. Both the Cloud and the Leech can work very well together for the welfare of our horses.

To learn more about these amazing little creatures, you can visit this website.

 

From the Bootmeister

Christoph Schork

www.globalendurance.com

 

Reading The Boots

After the gluing of Easyboots to the hooves, the question in our minds is often: "How well did I do the job?". Then we wonder, or worry, for a while. Unfortunately, often we do not get a good answer till either a Glue-On shell comes off before we want to remove it or till we actually decide it is time to take them off. If one or two boots come flying off prematurely, we get our answer: somewhere something was not right. Possibly the hoof or boot was contaminated, be it that the glue was too old, had been left in the summer heat too long, or the boots were applied in too slow a time. Study the hoof wall and boot to investigate the cause of the failure.

If the normal time comes to remove the boots, EasyCare recommends 10 to 14 days after application, we get a a second chance to evaluate our previous work. How easy it is to drive the screwdriver between the hoof wall and shell? How easy or hard is it to pry the boot off the hoof? Obviously the harder it is to get the boot off, the better a job we did gluing it on before.

Best way to really get analytical, though, is when we take the time to really critically examine the glue left in the boot after removal. A lot to learn can be learned by 'reading the boot'.

Below a few examples of pulled EasyCare Glue-On boots. In the first blue shell black Vettec Adhere was used, in the following ones beige Adhere. Easier to interpret the glue script with the beige Adhere, especially in the black shells.

Not a bad glue pattern: half of the glue is left in the boot, the other half on the hoof wall. Hoof wall and boot shell were properly prepared before gluing, glue has appropriate thickness. In the toe hoof wall/sole area, the Sikaflex used in the bottom of the boot has pushed up slightly.

Similar picture, one can be happy with this kind of glue picture.

Different scenario in the one below:

Looks like we were a little slow with this one: the glue had already started to set before it was applied.

Next case below:

The glue here was probably either applied a little too thick or too low on the wall of the shell: excess glue ended up in the sole area. With a thin soled horse, this could cause pressure on the sole with resulting lameness. Something to be avoided at all cost.

Too much Adhere in the frame below as well?

The white stuff in the sole here is not glue. It is dead sole that is now stuck to the glue in the boot. Quite normal. That hoof had a little more dead sole left before the application. The sole of the hoof was obviously well prepared, dry and clean.

The residual glue in the toe area is a little thick. Possible causes could be:

-the boot was not set back properly, the rubber mallet was not used hard enough

-the boot was a little too big and could not get pushed back enough

-the dorsal hoof wall was not straight

All the glue is on the inside boot wall. Check the hoof wall, if there is no glue left on it, we can draw conclusions that the hoof wall was either not totally dry or otherwise contaminated.

At first glance, it looks like a good gluing job: partial glue left inside the boot. A closer look reveals smooth glue edges. Probably not enough glue applied to the wall. More dorsally we also notice too much glue in the sole area. An uneven glue application.

If your Glue-On boots show any of these patterns, it might be a good idea to revisit the video from EasyCare regarding gluing on Glue-On boots.

For tips and tricks on how to clean out residual glue, please visit my blog from last month.

 

 

From The Bootmeister

 

Christoph Schork

Global Endurance Training Center

 

Play Them Again?

Horses are pricey if you want to do them justice, and hoof care is just one part of the horse budget. If you are using EasyCare products for your riding like Easyboot Gloves, Trail or Back Country Gloves, you know when the thread is gone and you need to replace them. Not quite as straight forward with Glue-Ons and EasyShoes. Besides the profile and wear of the boots, you also have to consider the removal of the residual glue in the shells. Not always an easy task to get that job done. But with the right tools, it can save you some $$.

Not enough profile left on this boot to reuse. Discard or use as a traveling dog bowl.

These two specimen could be converted to Easyboot Gloves, judging from the sole profile. Plenty of tread left.

Most of the time the boots or shoes will outlast the shoeing cycle and the decision has to be made whether  to clean them up and reuse them or forget about it and use new products.

Let's look at the Glue-On boots first. After removal, they probably look something like this:

For reasons unknown to me, with colored shells the Sikaflex often stays with the hoof sole and does not stay inside the boot.

If the gluing job was done according to the gluing protocol, chances are that the glue connected seamlessly with the shell. The only way to remove excess glue is by mechanical means. No solvents will dissolve that bond from polyurethane to polyurethane.

Removal of the Sikaflex is easily accomplished by using a nipper and pulling it off.

Next comes the more difficult removal of the wall glue inside the boot.Most effective device for that purpose is a bench press with a wire wheel attachment.

The shell should get firmly held with two hands to avoid catching the border and flying off. Can happen easily.

Lacking a bench press, a hand held drill device will do the job as well, but it is a little more tricky with having to hold the shell as well as the drill. Very easy to catch an edge and fling the boot.

After successfully removing as much of the old glue as possible, the boot can now be converted to a Glove.

EasyShoes are not as easy to remove the glue from. I typically discard them. Too much time will be spend on glue removal and the fit will never be like with new ones.  When they had been nailed, then it is again simply a judgment call if there is enough tread left. 

After 6 weeks of riding over mixed footing, these EasyShoes Performance N/G have plenty of tread left to be easily reset and nailed again.

Looking good overall. Even the spacers are still intact and well attached to the shoe.

 The clips did not suffer through the reset either.

It can pay to reset, re-nail or convert to Gloves. In the long run it will save you some money. I might add that I always use new boots and shoes for any competition, but for training purposes the "played again" hoof protection will often work great.

From the Bootmeister, Christoph Schork

Global Endurance Training Center

 

 

 

 

 

 

Boots On The Rocks

"Why are you using these Hoofboots? What kind are these? Glue ons? What are the advantages?"

These 3 questions are probably the  most asked questions by riders and horse people unfamiliar with these greatest boots produced by the EasyCare Company. We all know the answers to these questions from studying the literature, blogs and videos produced by EasyCare and the many bloggers: Shock Absorption, Flexibility (like the hoof), Light Weight and Sole Protection.

Can you cross these rocky section with ease without worrying about your horses hoof soles?

At the very recent City Of Rocks Endurance Race, the EasyCare Glue-on boots proved themselves over and over again. The name 'City of Rocks', or short COR,  actually does not imply that there are lots of rocks on the trail, nor does the name originate from rocky trails. Much more so, it is named for the stunning scenery with towering granite rock walls, boulders and rock pinnacles that make the whole area appear as a city of huge rock formations.

In the 80's I visited the COR a few time to climb these stunning rock walls and pinnacles. Fond memories of my rock climbing days.

Meryl Dalla Via, GETC's intern from France, riding Elly across some open area between the rock formations.

Meryl riding two days on CMS OSO Elly to a second place on day one and first place tie on day three using Easyboot Glue-ons.

A true testimony to the success of the EasyCare Hoof boots gave Sue Basham, riding her horse KC on all three days (total of 155 miles), a win in the Pioneer Category for Fastest Overall Time and Best Condition. She used Easyboot Glue-ons.

Congratulations to Sue and KC. Excellent job!

GETC horse Medinah MHF in the 55 mile race on her way to First Place and BC on day 2, her hooves protected by Easyboot Glue-ons.

Riding GE Pistol Annie to victory in the 50 Mile competition on day one and three: The Bootmeister using Easyboot Glue-ons.

So really, what else is new, you might ask.  For the last 6 years Easyboot Glue-ons and Gloves have excelled not just in endurance but lots of other equine events. But it is certainly fun to tell about success with Easyboots.

The COR 3 day event is a truly well run ride. Trails are fantastic, for the most part not too rocky, scenery outstanding and the people just fun to be with. A highly recommendable ride to be marked on the calendar for next year.

 

Your Bootmeister

Christoph Schork

www.globalendurance.com

Hoof Care Ab Initio

What does 'Hoof Care' actually entail? How do we define it? For some, it simply means trimming hooves every so often and possibly applying one of the many hoof protections available, from metal shoes to composite shoes and hoofboots from the extensive line of the EasyCare products.

For us at Global Endurance Training Center, Hoof Care is all encompassing. It involves everything from feeding, training, exercising, dental care, chiropractic care, massage and mental well being and horse happiness. I touched on that subject a couple of months ago in my monthly blog at this site.

When do I start with hoof care in a horses life? Just recently I was privileged to witness a life birth from the onset. To be able to be part of a live foal birth during daylight hours does not happen too often, most mares will give birth in the wee hours of the morning, when fewest predators are awake yet.

Birthing commences.

Front legs coming out first.

Head follows

Legs and hooves still protected by the amniotic sack.

Upon the tearing of the amniotic sack, the toes see daylight and immediately the protective emponychium, also called milk toes, are falling off. No more need for them. They were there to keep the toes soft and prevent them from piercing the amniotic sack. Now they need to get shed ASAP so the hooves are able to support the body and the foal can get up and move very quickly, if necessary. Predators are waiting everywhere. 

Within a few more minutes, the remaining milk toes will fall off as well.

As soon as the newborn is getting up, usually within half an hour or so, and is stable on the legs, we are taking mom and foal for their first outing. Hard ground is important for strengthening fetlocks. So pavement or concrete is beneficial. Often the young ones are born with slight crookedness in legs and joints. These early outings, 20 minutes max on the first day, will help fixing these slight imperfections almost immediately.

What else is important that catches our attention:

The foals are born with pointed toes.

The soft 'golden slippers', how the emponychium is commonly also called, are falling off the toes which are already very pointed. This pointedness is going to develop even more so within the next few days.

Very noticeable with a different foal , a few days old here, in the photo below, red arrow.

These pointed toes are very important for the locomotion of the foals and should always be left intact. Any rounding of to 'help' with a break over would be a disservice to the foal at this point in time. Foals do not round out and collect like grown up horses, they cannot move their hind quarters under their body. These pointed toes are a necessity for getting ground purchase and allowing the foals to balance their bodies, thus avoiding slipping and falling. Foals tippy toe a lot, their fetlocks are weak and the heels cannot get loaded yet. That is why foals seem to have  heels that appear to be underrun and constricted. Time, hard surface turnout, proper movement and exercise will strengthen hooves, fetlocks and lower leg structures.

Within a few days, the foals are ready to explore more difficult terrain. These experiences are invaluable, they learn using their young bodies to balance and overcoming terrain challenges. They learn to read the terrain and to use judgment. First they follow their moms, later they explore on their own, just like children do.

First little downhill.

Cautiously and inquisitively moving through the rocks in the beginning.

Nice how he handles this little step.

Can I continue here? Maybe not. The foal actually then stepped  backwards, turned around and found an easier way down.

With more confidence is this little fellow moving through the rocks.

Allowing the babies to move freely and early develops and strengthens not only hooves, tendons and ligaments but also balances the body and mind. And they have fun doing it and so do we while taking them out and watching their progress on a daily basis. I call this fun time investment money in the bank. Later when the horse is being worked under saddle, terrain difficulties are a non issue for horses started that way.

From the desk of the Bootmeister

Christoph Schork, Global Endurance Training Center